As a new mom, I’ve had to think about heat safety in many new ways since pregnant women and young children are among the most vulnerable to extreme heat.
While I was pregnant, my neighborhood lost power for a few days during an excruciating heat wave as a result of a power surge. The heat index reached 108°F and to keep safe, I spent time in cooled buildings and ran an extension cord from a neighbor with electricity through my mail slot to power a fan.
In May, I had to buy a fan for my baby’s stroller when the heat index neared 100°F. And I’ve had to spend many days indoors as, so far, 21 days this year have been at least 90°F in the District of Columbia.
So where does a parent – or an outdoor worker, a student, a retiree, or any US resident for that matter – turn to figure out how to keep safe in the face of extreme heat?
These are five resources that can help you and your loved ones stay safe during an extreme heat event. There are others available, some of which you can find by way of these resources. You can also help keep others in your community safe, for example by checking in on elderly neighbors or other people you know who are particularly vulnerable to heat.
- Is there an active heat alert? An important step in staying safe is to know what conditions are like – and are forecast to be like – outside. All US residents can turn to weather.gov – the National Weather Service’s homepage – to find out whether there are any active heat alerts. The National Weather Service maintains a list of phone apps, websites, and other sources of weather alerts here. Local weather forecasters will also provide this information and it is important to follow their advice – heat is currently one of the top weather-related causes of death in the US, and there is a lot that people can do to prevent heat-related illness.
- Learn the signs of heat-related illness. The U.S. Center for Disease Control (CDC) maintains this helpful guide to heat-related illness signs and symptoms, and what to do if you exhibit them.
- What to do to stay safe. The Heat Safety Tips and Resources website from the National Weather Service is chock-full of resources on how to stay safe during an extreme heat event. There is information specific to particular segments of the US population, including parents, outdoor workers, Spanish speakers, and pet-owners. Similarly, the CDC also maintains this helpful website that has information for many other groups, including older adults, low-income households, those with diabetes, and athletes. It is important to know about the unique vulnerability of yourself and any dependents you might have.
- Find your closest cooling center and other local resources – call 211. Many cities and communities have cooling centers in places such as libraries, town government buildings, senior centers, or shopping centers that residents can visit for respite from the heat. The federal government set up 211 as a line that people can call to get connected with expert help. Some states and communities, including New York have this information online. Calling one’s town government, including a police station, can also help track down this information.
- What’s your plan? It is important to have a plan in place on how you and any dependents will stay safe should a heat wave hit. Ready.gov provides suggestions on how to prepare.
Last but not least, there are measures that need to be taken now by our federal and state governments, as well as our communities, to reduce the threat of extreme heat in the future.
As our most recent report, Killer Heat, shows, this threat is projected to worsen dramatically in the next few decades for nearly all U.S. residents if we do not act on global warming. These measures need to include efforts to both reduce heat-trapping emissions to limit the frequency and severity of extreme heat and build resilience to heat so that when an extreme heat event hits, communities are prepared.
While we can’t prevent some increases in extreme heat, we can ensure that future generations will, at the very least, have the tools necessary to cope and the ability to stay safe.